Tire is one of the most important parts for a vehicle. Although the basic system carries the entire weight of the vehicle, the tires play an important role in this load distribution. In case of tire changes, incorrectly selected tire sizes cause the vehicle not to be transported as desired and the occurrence of situations such as accidents. For this reason, if you have the necessary information about the tire, you can easily handle all operations such as malfunctions and tire changes.
What is a Tire Pressure Sensor? What Does It Do?
Depending on the vehicle use and road conditions, there may be a drop of air in the tires. If this situation is not noticed, it may cause vehicles to crash. To prevent this, a tire pressure sensor system is used. The tire pressure sensor activates the warning system when the tire deflates while the vehicle is moving. With this warning system, you can stop your vehicle and check your tires. If the tires are deflated, you can re-inflate them with the tire inflation pump. If you experience the same problem again, you need to change a tire. Flat tire inflation can cause major problems with a moving vehicle. For this reason, the tire pressure sensor placed inside the car rims continuously checks the air pressure on the tire. At the same time, the sensor measures the air temperature inside the tire. The working system can be effectively determined according to the number of rotations of the wheel. A tire with a low pressure will have a smaller diameter than other vehicle tires. Therefore, it turns more than the other wheels. According to this number of turns, the vehicle will provide a warning system.
The tire pressure sensor measures the pressure inside the tire and transmits it directly to the vehicle brain. In the event of a tire change, it can be re-adapted to a different tire. It has a lifespan of 6-8 years due to the battery-powered system.
Tire Types and Sizes
Vehicle tires may differ according to brands and models. There are also differences according to the structure of the vehicle, traction power and system features. Especially tire types are divided into two types. It varies according to the seasons and according to the vehicle. In addition, tire chains are used in vehicles to prevent slipping, especially in winter.
Tire types according to the season;
Summer Tires: They should be used as the weather conditions become more moderate. Summer tires can be used year-round in many regions. Its performance decreases when the temperature falls below 7 ° C.
All Season Tires: Suitable for all seasons, this vehicle tire is resistant to many different surfaces and conditions. Any temperature does not affect its performance. It is one of the best options to get a versatile performance.
Winter Tires: The frost that occurs during the winter months is most suitable for regions with slippery ground. It has been optimized for weather conditions falling below 7 ° C. The patterns on the tread of the car tire maximize the road holding and braking power on snow and ice. In this way, it provides a safe driving opportunity.
Tires also differ according to vehicle models outside of the season. Types of car tires according to the vehicle;
Automobile Tires: These classic tire types will offer excellent traction and performance for miles on the road. The tire model is designed for a long tread wear time.
4x4 Tires: This type of car tire, which is versatile in terms of performance, not only affects the performance on the road, but also provides a solid traction on the terrain.
Light Commercial Vehicle Tires: Specially designed according to the load and condition of commercial vehicles. In addition to its soft structure, it has a system that allows a quiet ride. Provides superior performance in all weather conditions, traction and high mileage.
Tire sizes also vary according to the brand, model and model year of the vehicle. Even the tire size of your vehicle varies according to the engine condition. For this, the tire calculation process is also important. There are different sizes such as 15 ”, 16” or 17 ”. For this reason, you should make an accurate calculation according to the type and other characteristics of your vehicle during tire changes or purchases. People who do not prefer winter tires should also have a tire chain. [video]
A blown car tire, especially while driving, can cause an accident. It can bring other major malfunctions with it. Considering this situation, a new era is opened with non-bursting tire technology. In this system developed with Run On Flat technology, you can continue to use your vehicle and go to the nearest auto service even if you experience a tire blowout. In a normal tire, it would be best not to drive your vehicle after a puncture.
Changing a car tire always seems like a tough job. However, if you know the correct methods, you will not encounter any problems while changing your vehicle's tire. For this, you need to take the necessary steps correctly. These steps are;
- First, you need to pull your vehicle to the roadside and get it on a flat surface. If you are in flowing traffic, you should turn on the flashers and use the necessary warning tools in order not to cause any accident.
- During tire change, you should place a supporting object, such as a piece of wood, in front of the tire to prevent the vehicle from slipping and to increase its stability.
- Take the jack and place it under the chassis of your vehicle. After correctly positioning, turn the jack handle slowly. When your vehicle reaches a certain height, your work will be completed with the jack.
- After achieving the vehicle height, open the wheel covers or the hub cover and remove the bolts with the wheel wrench. Then remove the tire.
- After installing the spare tire, put the wheel bolts in place. It is important to make sure the studs are tight. However, you should not force it too much. The vehicle can be detached from the jack if you force it.
- In the final stage of the tire change process, lower your vehicle slowly with the jack. Before driving your vehicle, you need to make sure that you tighten the bolts well.
After these steps, you will have successfully completed the process of replacing your tire. It is important to be careful while following the steps. The jack that is not fully placed on the chassis point of the vehicle will not lift the vehicle. Therefore, in the event of a possible momentary development, the jack may slip off and damage the vehicle and you. You can only use a tire inflation pump for your tires that have deflated. You do not need to take any special action for this.
Depending on the usage, over time, the tires of the vehicles may become deflated. Deflation means that there is a hole or a leak in the tire. This situation may occur when drilling tools such as nails and screws pierce the tire on the road. Tire repair can be done in certain situations. If your tire has not been used with a puncture, it can be repaired. If the tire is continued to be used flat, damage to both the tire and the vehicle can occur. If there is only damage to the tread and the depth does not exceed 6 mm, the tire can be repaired. Damage to the sidewall of the tire will make the tire unusable. The tire inflation pump will work on deflated tires. However, it will not work on punctured tires.
Different systems are available for tire repair. Even if the tire repair kit works, it would be best to seek professional help. For tire repair, the tire is removed from its location and inspections are made both inside and outside. Then, the hole area is filled by patching the inner part. Then the tire is ready for use again. The tire repair kit is suitable for this task, but needs to be handled professionally as specified.
If you understand that your tire is punctured, you should not resort to temporary solutions such as roving. Placing the wick on the punctured area will make the tire unsafe. For this reason, you need to find the right tire repair shop and have your vehicle's tires repaired.